★ BMW 3 Series (E90)
The fifth generation of the BMW 3-series consists of BMW E90, BMW E91, BMW E92 and Е93 BMW compact Executive cars. E90 / E91 / E92 / Е93 was produced from 2004 to 2013 and are often jointly referred to E90 or E9x.
On the E9x was the first 3 series are sold with a turbocharged petrol engine. The E9x family also saw the introduction of run-flat tires to the 3 series. Pre-owned-apartments are not equipped with spare tire.
E90 / E92 / Е93 m3 is the only generation m3 with the V8 engine. Introduced in 2007, it uses at BMW S65 naturally aspirated V8 engine and was produced in sedan, coupe and convertible body styles.
After the introduction of the series ф30 / Ф31 3 in 2012, E90 / E91 sedan and wagon have been discontinued. However, E92 / Е93 coupe and cabriolet remained in production through 2013 model years, after which they were replaced with the directory F32 / F33 4 series.
1. Development and launch. (Разработка и запуск)
The design of the fifth generation 3 series was halted in mid-2002, approximately 30 months to start of production. The sedan and wagon was designed by Joji Nagashima. Marc Michael Markefka designed coupe and convertible.
The range was introduced in March 2005 for MY2006 sedan and wagon body styles. The coupe was introduced in 2006, and the convertible was introduced in 2007, for MY2007.
2.1. Body styles. Sedan E90. (Седан Е90)
The sedan model was the first model sold of the E90 / E91 / E92 / Е93 3 series, launched on 5 March 2005 for the 2006 model year. Production continued until the revision of the facelift was produced for the 2009 model year. Production of the E90, made after the 2011 model year, was replaced by the F30 in 2012.
2.2. Body styles. Touring E91. (Туринг E91)
Model E91 station wagon / estate was sold as touring in Europe and sports wagon in North America. Additional equipment includes a panoramic sunroof, which extends to the rear of the cabin. Trim, as a rule, was similar to the E90 sedan, but the M3 is not produced in the style of the wagon body.
Several markets outside of Europe, offered only a small subset of models in the style of the car body. In the United States and Canada, the only available model of universal until 2007 was a 325xi, 328i 328xi, and then beginning in 2007.
2.3. Body styles. Coupe E92. (Купе Е92)
In August 2006, a year after the sedan was introduced E92 coupe body was opened.
Compared to the previous generation 3 Series, coupe has more external differences styling for the sedan models. They include the tail-light design L-shaped on the coupe, more steeply angled headlamps and small side Windows. According to his predecessor E46, doors and more frameless doors with electric drive, the rear seat accommodates two passengers, compared with a three man bench for sedan with rear centre console tray and the front safety belts for self-propelled weapons that extend from the b-pillar to hand the seat belts for the driver and / or passenger.
On the E92 was the last generation to include the coupe and convertible body styles in a composition series 3. For later generations, these styles of the body or the 4 series. Despite the E90 / E91 gradually came to ф30 / Ф31 after the 2011 model year, the E92 / Е93 continued until the 2013 model year. He then changed the directory F32 / F33 models for 2014.
2.4. Body styles. Convertible Е93. (Кабриолет Е93)
Е93 convertible BMW first model to use a retractable hard top folding metal roof instead of a fabric roof as before. Е93 was one of the first retractable kung in its price range. Option "comfort access" allows the roof is raised and lowered using the key FOB. E93s side Windows 30% more than the E46 convertible predecessor, resulting in 38% increase in visibility.
BMW 3 series convertible is often more expensive than direct competitors, but reviewers have praised his passenger / Luggage compartment even with the roof down, dynamics, weight and chassis rigidity.
3. Engines. (Двигатели)
The official specifications are as follows:
As the next generation 3 series used turbo engines for all models, E90 / E91 / E92 / Е93 was the last 3 series will be available with a naturally aspirated engine.
4. Suspension. (Подвеска)
Front MacPherson strut with used aluminium hub and double aluminum lower linkage, forming a virtual pivot point. This design was previously used on all 5, 7 and 8 series BMW models.
Rear suspension 5-link double wishbone, with the production steel frame, finished steel control arms and cast iron carrier. This design is designated "ha-5" from BMW.
5. Equipment. (Оборудование)
Additional functions, some of which are standard on higher models include xenon headlights, automatic climate control, heated seats, electric adjustable seats, satellite navigation, glass sunroof, heated front seats, bluetooth and USB audio input.
Additional equipment can be ordered separately or combined in packages. Optional interior colors, known as the BMW individual also available for an additional cost.
The contents of the premium package varies by model year and market. It included such items as leather seats with power adjustment, memory function seats, lumbar support, Autodimming mirrors, compass, auto-folding exterior mirrors, BMW assist W / Bluetooth, and universal garage opener.
The cold weather package includes headlight washers, heated front seats and Split / folding rear seats, ski bag.
Sport package includes leather 3-pin sports steering wheel, sports front seats, 18-inch wheels, sport suspension and increased speed limiter up to 148 mph 238 km / h.
The technology package includes the iDrive, navigation system, Keyless "comfort access" selectable driving modes "m drive", HD radio and electronic damping.
6. Models Of Alpina. (Модели Альпина)
Alpina B3 and H3 models were based on the E90 / E91 / E92 / Е93. On B3 was equipped with a turbocharged 6-cylinder petrol engine and D3 was equipped with a turbocharged 4-cylinder diesel engine.
7. Special Editions. (Специальные Выпуски)
320 CI Cabrio / Roadster. (320 CI кабриолет / родстер)
To meet the homologation requirements of the FIA for Championship touring car WTCC, BMW has built a 2.600 320 CI convertible / Roadster.
7.1. Special Editions. 320 CI Cabrio / Roadster. (320 CI кабриолет / родстер)
To meet the homologation requirements of the FIA for Championship touring car WTCC, BMW has built a 2.600 320 CI convertible / Roadster.
7.2. Special Editions. 335is
In the 335is was produced in coupe and convertible models for the North American market. Its position in the model lineup between the regular 335i and M3, and about 4.500 units were produced. In the 335is uses a high-performance version of the N54 engine, which increases boost from 8.7 psi to 11.6 0.6 to 0.8 bar. The result is 239 kW, 320 HP and 450 nm 332 lb⋅ft of torque, and an overboost function increases torque to 370 lb⋅ft 502 N⋅m to 7 seconds.
Transmission options were a 7-speed dual clutch DCT transmission with launch control or 6-speed manual transmission. Manual transmission has upgraded clutch compared to the regular 335i.
Other changes compared to the 335i include more rigid engine mounts, a higher flow exhaust system, upgraded cooling system, a different steering wheel, sport seats and a "335is" badging on the dashboard and on the dashboard. External differences more air holes in the front bumper, rear bumper that incorporates a diffuser-style piece, a black kidney grille and 18-inch or 19-inch "style 313" wheels.
8.1. Model year changes. The 2008 facelift LCI. (В 2008 году рестайлинг ЛКИ)
In September 2008 facelift LCI versions of the sedan and wagon were released for the 2009 model year. Compared to typically subtle changes BMW LCI, these changes were relatively wide.
Mechanical changes included an increase back gauge 24 mm 0.94 in some models, the power increase for the model 320D from 130 to 135 kW 174 to 181 HP and the engine N57 from the replacement model M57 330d.
Styling changes included the front and rear bumpers, side mirrors, headlights, taillights, trunk lid, wide kidney grilles and revised crease lines on the hood. New 2009 - facelift model 2011 LCI all-wheel drive became known as the "xDrive models", in contrast to the previous pre-LCI 2006-2008 wheel drive models that were marked as "C" models. New xDrive models got four-wheel drive badges on the bumper and the right and left sides right below the side marker lights. For the interior, crash-activated head restraints were added to the front seats, for more "professional" navigation system has been updated iDrive was updated and the display resolution has been increased.
8.2. Model year changes. Two thousand and ten. (Две тысячи десять)
For the 2010 model year, Sport, lifestyle and exclusive edition were introduced for saloon and station wagon models. Wagon model 316d were added as models include 320d EfficientDynamics edition sedan.
Mechanical changes included compliance with the Euro 5 emissions standard Euro 6 emissions compliance is optional for 320d and 330d models, power increases on 318d, 320d machine, 325i and 330d models N54 engine in the 335i is replaced Н55 engine, and additional opportunities to from BMW ConnectedDrive.
9. Security. (Безопасности)
The Euro NCAP noted the poor pedestrian protection awarding 4 points out of 36, reporting the 3-series was "very disappointing" in this measure.
The IIHS. (ИСБД)
The insurance Institute for highway safety IIHS gives the 3 series a "good" overall rating in frontal and side crash test impact. 3 series received "good" marks in all six categories in frontal crash tests and a "good" rating in six of nine categories in the side impact test. The IIHS also gave the 3 series a Top safety pick award. The convertible is rated "marginal" in side impacts, making the 3 series convertible the lowest rated vehicle currently sold in its class in IIHS tests.
In November 2017, reminded 672.000 BMW 3 series cars from model years 2006-11 with climate control, electronic components at risk of overheating due to a malfunction of the fan motor.
10. Production. (Производство)
In 2002, Norbert Reithofer and development chief Burkhard Goeschel has launched an initiative to halve the time it took to reach full production of the next generation 3 series, from six months to three.
E90 was made in Germany, Leipzig, Munich, Regensburg and Rosslyn South Africa. Local Assembly of complete knockdown kits CKD was used for cars sold in China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico and Russia.
The date of production for each style of body in the following way:
- Coupe E92: June 2006 – June 2013.
- Wagon E91: September 2005 – January 2012.
- Sedan E90: December 2004 – October 2011.
- Convertible Е93: December 2006 – October 2013.
11. Sale. (Продажа)
The first on the market in March 2005, the car quickly became BMW groups best selling automobile worldwide, and by the end of the year 229.900 vehicles had been delivered.
The BMW E90 series was the best selling car in Canada and the United States. The 2006 E90 marked the 15th consecutive year that the 3 series was named to car and drivers 10Best.
Units sold according to BMWs annual reports:
12. Motorsport. (Мотоспорт)
BMW in the WTCC works driver Andy Priaulx won the 2006 and 2007 world Championships road cars in the E90 320 CI convertible / Roadster, and four other drivers have achieved over 35 wins in the championship.
E90 320 CI Cabrio / Roadster was used by several teams in the British touring car championship BTCC in the car. In 2009, the BTCC in the individual championship was won by Colin Turkington using E90 320 CI convertible / Roadster.
ART CAR E92 entered in the 2010 24 hours of Le Mans, with Andy Priaulx GB, Dirk müller and Dirk Werner de driving the number 78 car, who were unable to complete the race.
13. Awards. (Награды)
- The British automobile magazine what car? awarded it car of the year 2006. From 2006 to 2011, they also received it is a compact Executive of the year.
- The E90 was named "best new sports sedan" in the 2006 canadian car of the year awards.
- In April 2011, the E90 335d sedan diesel won car of the year 2011, in honor of the diesel driver magazines readers, receiving 29.6% of the votes.
- The British automobile magazine what car? awarded BMW cars 320d EfficientDynamics features automatic winner Green car of the year 2012. Model 320d has a UK combined fuel economy of 56 mpg and CO2 emissions of 110 g / km.
- In April 2006, the E90 was awarded the world car of the year. The car was praised for its balance between performance and practicality, as well as between style and seriousness. The jury also praised the new diesel engines and four-wheel drive options.
- Car and driver magazine listed the E90 on their ten best list eight times in a row between 2006 and 2013.
- It was Japans import car of the year 2005-06.
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- inline - 6 which debuted in the 2007 BMW 335i E90 gives almost equivalent performance to the E 46 and E90 iterations of the BMW M 3 while being much more practical
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