★ Audi A8
The Audi A8 is a four-door, full-size, luxury sedan manufactured and marketed by the German automaker Audi since 1994. Succeeding the Audi V8, and now in its fourth generation, the A8 is offered with front-or permanent all-wheel drive and short - and long-wheelbase variants. The first two generations running on the platform of Volkswagen group D with the current generation deriving from the MLB platform. After the original model year 1994, Audi released the second generation in late 2002, the third at the end of 2009, and the fourth and current iteration in 2017.
Notable for being the first mass car with a chassis made of aluminum, all models A8 already uses this method of construction in conjunction with Alcoa and marketed as the Audi space frame.
Mechanically-upgraded, high-performance version of the A8 debuted in 1996 as the Audi S8. Produced exclusively at Audi Neckarsulm plant, the R8 is fitted standard with Audis quattro all-wheel-drive system, and is available in Short - and long-wheelbase form, it in 2020.
1.1. The first generation of D2, type 4D, 1994-2002. Development. (Развитие)
In 1982, Ferdinand piëch signed an agreement with aluminum company of America. The aim of this work is to design and develop a car that would be substantially lighter than any other car in its class to compensate for the fact that the standard all-wheel drive was around 100 kg 220 lbs heavier than competitors rear-wheel drive). At the end of 1980-ies it was decided that the car will be the successor type V8 4S flagship presented in 1988. By 1990 was chosen and frozen for series production in mid-1991 the final design Chris bird and Dirk van Brakel. In September 1993, the concept of Audi space frame ASF was opened in 1993 on a motor show in Frankfurt IAA in D2 usually, the 4D prototype in polished aluminum. Pilot production began in December 1993 and development ended in early 1994, a total of £418.1 $ 700 million million.
1.2. The first generation of D2, type 4D, 1994-2002. Introduction. (Введение)
Audi A8 type 4D was presented in February 1994 and debuted at the 1994 Geneva motor show in March, with a full-scale factory production since June 1994, although it was not until October 1996 for the 1997 model year, which became available in North America. Unlike its predecessor, the Audi V8 model, which was built on an existing steel platform, the A8 debuted on the then-new Volkswagen group D2 platform, an all-aluminium monocoque, marketed as the "Audi space frame" AFS, which allowed to reduce weight and preserve structural rigidity. The saloon / sedan was offered in the standard wheelbase A8 and the A8 l extended or long wheelbase LWB version. The A8 l adds 5 inches 127 mm of rear legroom. Updates the car in 1997 included the addition of six interior airbags. The A8 was designed as a competitor to fellow German competitors Mercedes Benz S class and BMW 7 series.
In 1997, Audi introduced the production version of electronic stability control ESP for four-wheel drive Audi A8 and Audi A6, the worlds first production car with front and rear side airbags.
In 1997, the new A8 was available with either front-wheel drive front-wheel drive or Torsen-based quattro permanent four-wheel drive. Front wheel drive models powered by a 2.8-liter V6 engine that produces 142 kW 193 HP, 190 HP and a 3.7 liter V8 engine producing 169 kW 230 HP and 227 HP, while the Quattro received a 4.2-liter V8 engine producing 221 kW 300 HP 296 HP.
The A8 comes with standard amenities including dual-zone climate control, wood and leather interior trim, 14-way power and heated seats, and an upgraded Bose sound system.
In 1999, Audis flagship received side curtain airbags, new colors, and restructuring of option packages. The North American "warm weather package" added a solar sunroof which allows the fan blower to run, keeping the inner peace while the car is parked with the engine turned off. Changes to all models included a large passenger-side mirror and first aid kit is located in the centre armrest of the rear seat.
In 1999 for the 2000 model year came a minor front-end Restyle, with new, larger, clear headlights, a revised grille and lower front valance with standard projection fog lamps. As for the interior, the seats received a new, horizontal stitch. In addition, the 3.7-litre V8 FWD model was dropped, leaving the 2.8 V6 model with a long wheelbase and short wheelbase 4.2 liter Quattro. These restyled cars also revised external door handles and an integrated radio antenna. In 2000, the North American A8 model range was expanded to include the A8 L.
In 2001, Audi introduced a new W12 engine, a compact 6.0-litre unit developed by effectively mating together two VR6 engine, and a crankshaft. The engine quickly became available in the A8, but only for European and Asian customers. From its introduction through its discontinuation in 2003, there were only 750 of the D2 "B12" model. 2001 also marked the debut of the high-performance S8 variant in North American markets.
In 2002 A8 I received standard xenon high-intensity discharge lamps HID headlights, and heated steering wheel. Also added checking tire pressure the TPMS system, an updated Symphony II stereo, and new exterior colors. In 2002, all A8 variants received a trunk / cabin trunk release lever to facilitate escape in case the person becomes trapped inside.
Factory production of this generation ceased in the number 105.092 on August 4, 2002.
1.3. The first generation of D2, type 4D, 1994-2002. The prototype coupe. (Прототип купе)
In 1997, IVM automotive of Munich, Germany built a two-door Audi A8 coupé. The car was presented at the Geneva motor show in 1997. Audi contract IVM to build the prototype, and was considering production of the vehicle. The coupe has been redesigned aluminium body, shorter than the production A8 sedan. As the Mercedes-Benz CL-class, there is no Central reception "in" that provides the car a seamless design with a gradually sloping roofline. The car included custom leather seats which could seat four. Ultimately, Audi decided not to put the A8 coupé into production, citing lower-than-expected sales figures for the similar BMW 8 series and Е31 Mercedes-Benz S-Class coupe. Was built only one A8 coupe. In a single prototype, painted in a colour called "Ming blue pearl", remains the property of IVM technical and lives in Munich. His last public appearance was in 2002 for a series of test drives.
1.4. The first generation of D2, type 4D, 1994-2002. C8
Audi introduced the S8 4.2 Quattro into the European market in 1996. S8-followed naming Convention of other high-performance Audi "S" models such as the Audi A6-derived S6 and was similar in vein "Mercedes-Benz" AMG models. In markets such as the UK, the S8 was only available with automatic transmission. Cosmetically, Audi S8, which differs from the A8 with solid aluminium alloy door mirror housings, chrome-effect waist and lower front grille trim, and polished exhaust pipes, along with subtle "S8" issuance of identity cards. 14-way power adjustable and heated sports front seats with memory function were fitted as heated rear seats. The standard wheels were 18-inch cast aluminium alloy "Avus" six-spoke style. After restyling 1999, 20-inch polished nine-spoke RS wheels became an option. In 2002, 18-inch nine-spoke RS wheels became a no-cost option.
At the same time, A8s facelift in late 1999, the S8 received the same cosmetic upgrades. This update marked the release of the S8 to the North American market. Production of the D2 S8 ended in September 2002.
Series S8 D2 showed too high, 250 kW 335 HP version of the 4.2-liter V8 with four valves per cylinder. From late 1999, Audi increased to five valves per cylinder increased power to 265 kW / 355 HP and 430 nm 317 lb⋅ft. Since the launch in 1996, European-market models came standard with a six-speed manual transmission. Sports-recalibrated version of the ZF 5HP24 five-speed Tiptronic automatic with "dynamic shift programme" DSP was released a year later and was the only transmission available on most other markets.
A retuned, 20 mm 0.8 in sports suspension lowered by 30 percent stiffer spring and 40 percent more compression damping in the shock absorbers. Speed-sensitive "Servotronic" steering gear with steering was also standard.
Engage brakes, Bosch 5.3 anti-lock braking system ABS with electronic brake-force distribution EBD and worked radially ventilated front discs. From 2002, an upgraded Bosch 5.7 electronic stability program became standard.
2. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. (Второе поколение тип D3 4Е, 2002-2009)
The second generation Audi A8 4E usually built on the Volkswagen group D3 platform was announced via press release in July 2002 and introduced in November 2002 in Europe and in June 2003 as a model 2004 in the United States. This model was larger than the previous generation, with room for four or five large adult passengers in the cabin, depending on the configuration of the rear seats. The D3 development program began in 1996, the design process commencing in Ingolstadt in 1997. The whole Audi design Studio based in Ingolstadt first contribution of sketch proposals, of which there were numerous different topics. Six of them were developed into full size clay models and worked in a traditional manner adjacent to full size tape drawings. At least three scale models quarter was produced to explore other design options.
Six full size model of the exterior of the clay was reduced to two in late 1998 and continues to evolve in parallel throughout the year. At the end of 1999 the final theme selection was made, by miklós kovács and Imre Hasanic the main designers of the troops. Such a long development time was partially due to the aluminum enclosure, a material less able to take the small radii of sharp feature lines such as those on steel healthy A4 B6 designed in 1998.
Parallel to the exterior design development the interior design was developed for a total of four full production models the size and production of machines horizontally-themed design of the dashboard of the dominant from the start, with Norbert Schneider, mark Belnap and Enzo Rothfuss the main designers of the troops.
Grouping major controls nearer the driver for a more driver focused identity, thereby creating a more spacious and airy feel, were the first priorities for the team the interior design was headed by Jurgen Albamonte. This was facilitated by multi-media MMI interface, designed by Jurgen schröder, that pioneered on the D3 A8 after the Audi Avantissimo concept car preview, and also leading its class color and finish of Kromeke Barbara Jenkins and Melinda.
Under the leadership of Dany Garand, during the first half of 2000 exterior and interior clay models were digitized and developed using digital design tools in a supporting, not leading, capacity. In D3 the final production design was later frozen in the summer of 2000 at the beginning of August 2002 production.
A8 was presented at motor-2001 motor show in Frankfurt concept car Audi Avantissimo. This concept has introduced many technologies in the series production A8 D3, including: Multi media interface, 6-speed automatic transmission with paddle shifters, the V8 Biturbo engines power RS6, self-leveling air suspension with continuously controlled damping, electric Park brake, bi-xenon headlights with static lighting system AFS adaptive front curve, headlights, dashboard, driver identification systems with fingerprint scanner.
As in the previous version, two body variants of the second generation A8 are offered, the A8 standard, or short wheelbase and long wheelbase the long wheelbase A8 L. the A8 L adds 120 mm 4.7 inches for the rear legroom and 11 mm 0.43 in to the cars overall height.
For quattro all-wheel drive models, ZF 6HP26-A61 low torque capacity version 6HP19 6-cylinder models, six-speed Tiptronic automatic transmission with "dynamic shift programme" DSP and the "sport" mode, with steering wheel paddles-paddles is the only transmission offering. Output is transmitted via Audis Quattro generation IV all-wheel drive system with Torsen T-1 is the center differential the default 50:50 torque split front / rear. If road conditions change, the purely mechanical Torsen differential responds without any delay, this can divert up to 70% of power to the front or rear axle.
2.1. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. Innovation. (Инновации)
- The first Audi with 4-wheel adaptive air suspension and continuous damping control CDC-Skyhawk suspension.
- The first Audi with bi-xenon headlights for low and high beam.
- The first Audi with a driver identification.
- Multiplexed high-speed most bus fiber-optic data transmission networks interconnecting tens of microprocessors on a common databusses, integrated with the MMI system.
- The world premiere of a static adaptive front lighting system AFS headlights curve from Hella.
- The first Audi with six-speed automatic transmission Tiptronic.
- The first Audi GPS navigation system with DVD map.
- The world premiere of the multimedia system MMI interface in the car user interface, similar to BMW in iDrive.
In 2005, new internal combustion engines became available. For European and Asian market customers, the entry-level 3.0-litre V6 engine was replaced by the new 3.2-liter unit with fuel stratified injection fsi, which it shares with the Audi B7 A4 and Audi C6 A6. Top-of-the-line W12 version debuted that year. The advantage of the W12 engine layout is its compact packaging, allowing Audi to build a 12-cylinder sedan with all-wheel drive, whereas a conventional V12 could only have a rear-wheel drive configuration as would be no room in the engine Bay for a differential and other components required to drive the front wheels. In fact, Audis 6.0-litre W12 is actually slightly smaller in dimensions than the 4.2-liter V8.
In addition to the extra power trains, Audi restyled the D3 platform A8 range slightly in 2005, giving all variants a higher, wider trapezoidal single-frame grille. Top-of-the-line W12 engine W12 version was the first model to be equipped with this grille, model V8 engine was equipped with the new grille the following year.
The D3 generation A8 introduced the 235 kW / 315 HP 4.2-litre turbocharged direct injection TDI engine V8 with subsequently increased to 240 kW / 322 HP). The engine uses two turbochargers and two intercoolers with each turbocharger functioning exclusively for one Bank of four cylinders.
Adaptive air suspension gives the machine clearance in the normal range of 120 mm to 145 mm in lift mode and up to 95 mm in the motorway mode, activated automatically at speeds above 120 km / h 75 km / h persists for more than 30 seconds.
In September 2005 Audi became the first automaker to offer a 1.000 watt 14-channel ICEpower sound system, which option from Bang & Olufsen.
2.2. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. A8 l W12 Quattro security. (А8 л W12 в безопасности Кватро)
A8 l W12 quattro security is an armoured vehicle with B6 and B7 European standard ballistic ratings. It is equipped with a W12 engine power 331 kW, with a capacity of 444 HP 450 HP and 580 nm 428 lbf⋅ft of torque, an emergency exit system with pyrotechnic blown-out doors, fire extinguishers and system with spray jets located in the engine compartment, on the underbody and wheel arches, a smoke extractor in passenger compartment, run-flat tires, bulletproof Windows, the full protection plus package and led flashers in the exterior mirrors. Buyers are also offered facility to dispatch two drivers on a special training.
2.3. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. S8 5.2 FSI Quattro. (С8 5.2 ФСИ Кватро)
S8 high-performance sports variant, now called the "Audi S8 5.2 FSI Quattro" was announced in the last quarter of 2005 and full production started in June 2006 and was completed in September 2009.
S8 includes subtle details that distinguish it from its related A8. Trapezoidal single frame grille bears the characteristic Audi "S model" vertical strut detail which are highlighted in a chrome finish. "S8" badges displayed front and rear, whilst "V10" badges are displayed on each front fender above the side repeater turn. Rear boot lid incorporates a subtle rear spoiler, and rear ends with four chromed oval tailpipes. Adaptive xenon plus high-intensity discharge xenon headlamps include static turning lights, along with "turning" dynamic cornering lights. Daytime running lamps are five light-emitting diodes LEDs included in the cloverleaf designed reflector, incorporated into the main headlamp housing.
The D3 series S8 features a 5.2-litre all-aluminium alloy four-valves per cylinder V10 petrol engine. This engine is derived from the Lamborghini Gallardos the original 5.0-litre Lamborghini V10, which was also developed with the participation of concern Volkswagen. On this Audi-only variant, compared to the Lamborghini engine, it has a higher speed and wider bore - which increases the displacement of the engine, and produces more torque at lower rpm, which makes it more suitable for larger and heavier full-sized luxury Audi application. It produces 331 kW / 444 HP and 540 nm 398 lb⋅ft of torque. Having his hole cut out of the 2 extra millimeters 0.1 V, the displacement in the S8 application increases from 5.0 to 5.2 liters. The engine also features Audis direct-injection system, called fuel stratified injection fsi.
A sports-optimised ZF 6HP26-A61 six-speed Tiptronic automatic transmission with "dynamic shift programme" DSP and the "sport" mode, with steering wheel paddles-oars, is only a suggestion. Output is transmitted via Audis Quattro generation IV all-wheel drive system using initially Torsen T-1 50:50 dynamic centre differential, and from 2007 for the 2008 model year, using Torsen T-3 asymmetric dynamic centre differential, with a "default" torque distribution of 40 percent to the front axle and 60 percent to the rear. If road conditions change, the purely mechanical differential responds without any delay, this can divert up to 85 percent power to the rear wheels, and as much as 65 percent to the front wheels.
In S8s top speed is limited electronically to 250 km / h 155 km / h. Audis factory performance claims indicate a 0 to 100 km / h from 0 to 62 mph in 5.1 seconds whilst consuming 98 Ron unleaded petrol. The S8 has similar performance to Audis own top-of-the-line A8 l W12 which, though more expensive, has more torque, and built on a longer wheelbase. Compared to the A8 l W12, the S8 has a sportier mechanical features such as stiffer suspension, larger wheels, and ceramic brakes. The shorter wheelbase and 10-cylinder engine save weight for better handling, but at 5.4 seconds from 0-60 mph the S8 trails the W12 engine with.
C8, as related to A8, used multi-link suspension layout front and rear, with pressurised air springs. However, for the S8, the effective spring and damper rates are noticeably firmer, along with an upgraded suspension.
The brake system consists of radially ventilated discs all round. The discs are clamped with high-gloss black painted dual-piston front calipers and single-piston sliding caliper at the rear, in combination with electro-mechanical Parking brake. Bosch ESP 5.7 later upgraded to ESP 8.0 electronic stability control, ABS, brake assist, EBD need to fill the brake system. Optional "Audi ceramic" carbon fibre-reinforced silicon carbide C / SIC composite front and rear brakes, which use radially vented, and floating SGL carbon discs, with anthracite grey painted twelve-piston fixed monobloc calipers from Brembo alloy. Standard alloy wheels consist of 20-inch "s design" alloy wheels.
2.4. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. A8L centennial limited edition 2009–. (А8 Сентенниал ограниченный выпуск 2009–)
On A8 of the century limited edition 奧迪A8L百年限量版 limited to 800 pieces the full version of the A8 3.0 FSI with Multitronic and the A8L 6.0 twin turbo W12 Quattro for the Chinese market, dedicated to the 100th anniversary of Audi. It includes horizontal chrome-plated front grille from the A8L 6.0 W12, twin turbo, Quattro, "V6" metal logo on the upper left side air inlet grille A8 3.0 FSI, led daytime running lights, heated leather steering wheel, 19 inch 12-spoke polished aluminum wheels alloy, heated steering wheel in grey leather with beige stitching, Bang & Olufsen audio system, Alcantara equipment bag, Assam ash red production of sawn timber, floor Mat with aluminium trim and metallic Audi exclusive commemorative logo at INN door trims.
The vehicle went on sale on October 18, 2009, As 2010 model year vehicle.
2.5. The second generation of the D3 type 4E, 2002-2009. Engine options. (Параметры двигателя)
In North America available only the 4.2 V8, 5.2 V10, and 6.0 W12 petrol engines. The 4.0 TDI was stopped when the 4.2 TDI was introduced.
3. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. (Тип третий Д4 4ч поколения, 2011-2017)
The third generation Audi A8 was introduced in Miami on 30 November 2009. The chassis was built on the platform Volkswagen A4.
3.1. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. New opportunities. (Новые возможности)
- Enhanced system MMI multimedia interface with touch panel & handwriting recognition for phone and navigation system using the NVIDIA Tegra system on a chip for very high speed processing.
- Hard drive GPS navigation with 3D computer graphics with Google Earth.
- The first production Audi with a collision avoidance systems: pre sense similar to the Mercedes-Benz preview. The full version of the system pre sense plus works in four stages. In the first phase the system provides warning of impending accident, while the activated emergency lighting system, side Windows and Sunroof are closed and the front seat belts are tightened. In the second stage, the warning is followed by light braking, strong enough to win the attention of drivers. The third stage partial braking at a speed of 3 m / S2 9.8 m / S2. The fourth stage of the braking of the car at 5 m / S2 16.4 ft / S2 with automatic deceleration at full braking power, roughly half a second before impact. The second system called pre sense rear, is designed to reduce the effects of hitting. Sunroof and Windows are closed and seat belts are prepared for impact. More memory locations are moved forward to protect the driver and passengers. The system uses a combination of sensors with a separate radar and a mono camera. and was introduced in 2010.
- Infrared night vision with function of recognition of pedestrians.
- Full led headlights with automatic high beam switching or Audi adaptive light xenon with a tilt angle adjustment of the headlights.
- Navigation system coordinates input to the adaptive headlights, transmission, adaptive cruise control and electronic stability control.
- Broadband network standard UMTS 3G connection-access point.
- The driver assistance system networked using FlexRay technology.
- Additional 1.400 watt sound system Bang & Olufsen.
3.2. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. The A8 L 2010–. (А8 Л 2010–)
The third generation of the Audi A8 l type 4h based on the Volkswagen group MLB platform, but retains the Audi space frame aluminium construction of the previous A8, making it the lightest all-wheel drive car in the full-size luxury segment, at the same time giving it best-in-class fuel economy. Quattro all-wheel drive system divides torque with a gradient by default, the front 40% and 60% rear.
The car was presented at the exhibition design Miami 2009 on 30 November 2009, then the 2010 North American international auto show.
Early models include 372PS A8 4.2 FSI Quattro, A8 3.0 TDI Quattro 250ПС, A8 4.2 TDI Quattro 350PS. A8 3.0 TDI 204PS was added later.
The initial parameters of the internal combustion engine comprise 4.2-litre fuel stratified injection fsi petrol with turbocharging and direct injection TDI diesel V8 engines, with 273 kW, 366 HP and 258 kW 346 HP respectively. The 3.0-litre V6 TDI with 184 kW or 247 HP or 150 kW 201 HP will be available later. A 6.3-liter W12 engine only for the long wheelbase model became available in 2010, and compared with its predecessor it has larger displacement and direct fuel injection. All engines are paired with a new eight-speed ZF automatic transmission 8HP. Although other Audi models such as the 2010 Audi S4 and 2011 Audi A7 had switched from the 4.2 l V8 3.0 l supercharged V6, the Audi A8 retained a higher-output 4.2 l V8 as the main engine for the 2011 and 2012 model years in North America.
Taiwan models went on sale on November 11, 2010. Early models include 3.0 TFSI Quattro 290PS.
3.3. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. A8 hybrid concept 2010. (Гибридная концепция А8 2010)
The concept vehicle includes 2.0 TFSI engine power of 211 HP 155 kW, 208 HP and 350 N ∙ m 258.15 lbf⋅ft of torque at 1.500–4.200 rpm, a disc-shaped electric motor, rated 45 PS 33 kW power 44 HP and 211 N⋅m 155.63 lbf⋅ft of torque, lithium-ion battery, the trunk is 400 liters 14.13 cu. ft, 21-inch wheels with 265 / 35 tires, prism silver body colour with Spectra flair accent colour, hybrid lettering on both front fenders and illuminated sills with hybrid characters.
The car was unveiled at the 2010 Geneva motor show.
3.4. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. A8 L long-term development of broadband prototype 2011. (А8 L долгосрочное развитие широкополосного прототип 2011)
This is a version of A8 l demonstrating 4G long-term evolution LTE broadband technology. Developed in collaboration with Alcatel-Lucent, the car "mobile Broadband" is the fourth generation technology 4G with data transfer rate up to 100Mbit / s.
At CES 2011 in Las Vegas, Rupert Stadler, Chairman of Audi AG, announced that LTE technology will be used in cars in early 2011. The A8 L prototype was presented at the end of the week.
3.5. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Security A8 l 2011–present. (Безопасности А8 л 2011–по настоящее время)
The A8 l security is an armoured version of A8 L with class VR 7 ballistic protection standard tests as standard BRV 2009 guidelines, resistance to explosions at a military grenade tested as per ERV 2010 guidelines, with certain areas of the reservation meets the criteria for class VR 9 and VR 10, a core safety cell made from hot-formed armored steel, aramide fabric, ceramics, special alloy aluminum and multilayer glass, overlapping protective materials at the joints, aluminum side sills with solid steel sections, aluminum alloy armored floor, side Windows, windshield and rear window made of special glass with polycarbonate coating, optional Electromechanical window openers, closing assist function comes to doors, communication box in the Luggage compartment light ceramic doors, aluminum frame, extra battery and fuel tank protection, two-way communication system with a speaker in the single-frame grille and microphones for the cabin and exterior, an emergency exit system with pyrotechnical separating screws in the hinges, fire extinguisher system, emergency fresh air system with two oxygen cartridges, a smoke extractor for the passenger compartment, an led signaling for convoy travel, flashing lights, sirens, preparation for professional mobile radio systems, a flag holder, a permanently installed telephone, an accident data recorder, an additional rearview camera and a heated windshield plus partially the side Windows, heated four-zone climate control with ionizer freshen the air, electric rear blinds, the sonorous Bose surround sound system and TV tuner, rear are two individual seats with power adjustment, front comfort seats with heating and optional massage and ventilation functions, standard full-leather package, optional relaxation seat adjustable right rear seat with power-adjustable footrest, heating and massage, optional center console with large storage compartments and rear seat entertainment system with two 10.2-inch displays, optional folding table, optional refrigerator optional Parking heater, Bluetooth car phone online, integrated UMTS module, optional telephone handsets, 19-inch forged wheels with semipolished two-tone finish, 255 / 720 tyres with high load index of 117, synthetic rings on the rims, optional full-size spare wheel.
The first model is equipped with a W12 engine with a power of 368 kW 493 HP, 500 HP and 625 nm 461 lbf⋅ft of torque. Delivery began in late summer 2011. An additional engine model with improved fuel economy, went on sale in 2012.
The car was presented at Geneva motor show 2011.
Delivery began in late summer 2011.
3.6. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. The A8 hybrid 2012–present. (Гибрид A8 2012–настоящее время)
The production version is equipped with an electric motor capacity of 40 kW 53 HP 54 HP and 210 N * m 155 lbf⋅ft of torque, 1.25 kWh lithium-ion battery, 18-inch 10-spoke alloy wheels in turbine blades design, optional 19-inch hybrid badges, metallic paint finish optional silver case color, three-zone automatic climate control, led headlights and Bose sound system. Pure electric mode is available for maximum speed 100 km / h 62 km / h or 3 km 2 Mi at a constant speed of 60 km / h 37 km / h. It went on sale in 2012.
The car was presented at the Frankfurt motor show 2011.
3.7. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Exclusive concept l W12 engine Audi A8. (Эксклюзивная концепция л двигатель W12 Ауди А8)
Its limited to 50 units version of A8 l W12 with seats upholstered in cognac-colored leather from Poltrona Frau, inlays of wood olive ash natural, light gray-brown veneer, sill trims with "Audi exclusive concept" lettering, deep-pile carpeting.
The car was presented at the Frankfurt motor show 2011.
3.8. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. A8 L hybrid. (А8 L гибрид)
Long-wheelbase version of A8 hybrid was unveiled in 2010 at the Beijing auto show.
3.9. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. For S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro 2012-2015. (Для S8 4.0 TFSI за Кватро 2012-2015)
In the D4 series Audi S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro went on sale in 2012. Camera D4 S8 was based on the platform of the A8, considered in America as a "short wheelbase" comparative A8. As in the previous iteration, the D4 S8 costs less than the A8 l W12 engine.
S8 can accelerate from 0 to 100 km / h from 0 to 62 mph in 4.2 seconds. It is powered by a 4.0-liter Biturbo V8 engine with 382 kW 512 HP. The engine uses cylinder deactivation so it can run as a V4 for better fuel economy. Engine S8s together with Bentley continental GT, and a distressed version of the engine makes 420 HP which is found in the 2013 Audi S6, Audi S7 and Audi A8. Direct competitors include the BMW Alpina B7 and Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG, which also have Biturbo V8 engines.
The car was presented at the Frankfurt motor show 2011 and went on sale in spring 2012.
Taiwan models went on sale in 2013.
C8 ceased production in 2015 to be replaced by a C8 plus for the last iteration of this generation before the facelift in 2018.
3.10. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Plus S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro 2016-2018. (Плюс для S8 4.0 TFSI за Кватро 2016-2018)
Based on the same chassis and underpinnings as the C8 D4 in D4 C8 Plus was the only option for ordering S8-option of the line Audi A8 in 2016 and 2017 model years. C8 plus was dialed up to 605 HP 451 kW from the same power plant as the previous C8, by remapping the turbo boost and fuel delivery to the engine. In addition, the system of carbon-ceramic brake is standard on the S8 plus. In the vast majority of options on the S8 Plus was identical to the previous C8, however, darkened rear lights standard, and the option to add carbon fiber styling elements, such as mirror covers, rear spoiler, rear diffuser and front lip. High build options, the C8 Plus will outprice the A8 W12, which ends in 2016.
3.11. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Marketing. (Маркетинг)
In the framework of the Audi A8 launch in Taiwan, Audi built up Audi pavilion in Xin-Yi district, with Tom Dixon invited for the event. Yu-Cheng Chou and Chun-ten Lins art works were displayed with A8.
Audi A8 3.0 TFSI Quattro 290PS was used in the carrier: the series.
Audi S8 was used in the Avengers: age of Ultron.
Audi A8 was used in spider-Man: the Return.
3.12. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. The 2013 model update. (Обновление модели 2013 года)
Early German A8 models include 3.0 TFSI 290PS Quattro, 4.0 TFSI Quattro 420PS, 204PS 3.0 TDI, 3.0 TDI Quattro 250ПС, the 3.0 TDI clean diesel Quattro 250ПС, 4.2 TDI 350PS Quattro, the A8 l W12 500 HP Quattro, the A8 hybrid 2.0 TFSI has. The first German A8 l security include 4.0 TFSI Quattro, W12 6.3 fsi Quattro.
The updated A8 uses LED technology headlamps with automatic high beam lighting, Osram supplies the LEDs, Hella supplies the headlamp itself.
Early U.S. models include the A8 3.0 TFSI Quattro 333PS, on the A8 4.0 TFSI Quattro, S8 4.0 TFSI that for Quattro and the A8 W12 6.3 l FSI Quattro. A8 3.0 TFSI Quattro and A8 4.0 TFSI Quattro replaced the A8 4.2 FSI Quattro. A8 3.0 TDI clean diesel 240PS Quattro was presented at the Auto Show 2012 and will go on sale in spring 2013 as the model 2014. A8 l 3.0 TDI clean diesel Quattro 240PS were to go on sale in spring 2013 on sale as 2014 model year.
Chinese model A8 FSI 204PS 30, 40 on the A8 hybrid, A8 TFSI Quattro 290PS 45, at 55 A8 Quattro 333PS lawyer, on the A8 W12, twin turbo FSI Quattro and that S8 4.0 TFSI for the Quattro.
3.13. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Engines. (Двигатели)
A8 l 2.0 TFSI hybrid is sold as A8L 40 hybrid in China.
A8 l 3.0 TFSI Quattro 290PS sold as fuel 45 A8 Quattro in China.
3.14. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Transfer. (Перевод)
All models feature eight-speed gearbox Tiptronic.
3.15. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Production. (Производство)
2013-2014 Audi A8 and S8 vehicles equipped with a standard sunroof, manufactured in the period from 12 March 2013 and 15 July 2013 were recalled due to possible glass breakage of the hatch panel.
3.16. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Marketing. (Маркетинг)
In the framework of the 2013 S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro launch in the US, in a commercial titled suspect was produced in Association with Venables bell & partners, USA, Furlined, the Whitehouse, 740 sound design & mix, lime studios starring Abigail Spencer. The ad takes cues from quintessential Heist films with the S8 in the centre against the mysterious and disturbing scenes of a Bank robbery. As the anxiety grows, viewers will be left deciding a true robbery has occurred, or if the scene was purely a figment of the imagination of drivers. With power, speed and innovation of the S8 at the hands of the drivers, its easy to get carried away behind the wheel of a model S. Audi Spot closes with the tagline "heighten every moment." The commercial took place at the 2012 season kickoff of the NFL game on September 5, 2012. "Suspect" promotional video Audi S8 also aired on CBS and NBC and select cable networks, including: food, FX, National geographic channel, ESPN, USA, CNN, and AMC. The 30-second version will also be available for viewing on CNN.com, Reuters.com, Wired.com Yahoo! and much more.
3.17. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. A8, S8, A8 Audi exclusive concept, A8 hybrid 2013–. (А8, С8, эксклюзивной концепции А8, Ауди, A8 гибрид 2013–)
- Other changes: altered trunk layout with optional power trunk closing assist, flatter rear led lights are connected by a continuous chrome strip, redesigned bumper houses two rhomboid tailpipes, except the C8, available wheel sizes up to 21 inches with 275 / 35-series tires, optional sport differential standard for S8 and A8 4.2 TDI clean diesel Quattro.
- The standard Electromechanical power steering optional dynamic steering varies its ratio with the speed of the machine.
- The night vision assistant can now recognize larger animals in addition to pedestrians. Pedestrian marker lights work together with the optional night vision assistant. Once a pedestrian is detected in a critical range in front of the car, individual LEDs flash briefly three times in succession to alert that person that is clearly visible to the driver.
- The head-up display. (Голову-вверх дисплей)
- Multi media interface with a faster processor Tegra-3-processor and long-term development of broadband Internet.
- Active Lane Assist, which makes slight steering adjustments when necessary.
- Additional sound attenuation. (Дополнительное шумоглушение)
- Active noise canceling ANC for the A8 l W12 Quattro, cylinder on demand with six-cylinder mode.
- The first production car in the world series of digitally controlled full Led glare-free adaptive highbeam: Matrix led. High-beam comprises 25 individual light emitting diodes per unit that can be turned on and off or unavailable individually depending on the situation. This allows the headlight system responds very precisely to other vehicles, always brightly illuminating the road. Additional features of the new headlights intelligent adaptive lighting, updated daytime running lights and dynamic turn signals. The lighting system in the A8 uses predictive route data from the navigation system to adjust the distribution of light in response to the current driving situation. In conjunction with the optional navigation plus with MMI touch, the system recognizes route data contained in the navigation system such as curves and road classifications.
- System Parking assist with 360° display.
- Aid blind spot monitor in combination with an extended version of the standard pre sense basic safety system.
- Adaptive lighting: how to use predictive data provided by the MMI navigation plus, the focus of the matrix Led beam is shifted towards the bend even before the driver turns the steering wheel.
The A8 Audi exclusive concept is a limited 50 units of version of the A8 l W12 quattro with interior leather upholstery from Italian furniture manufacturer company Poltrona Frau in the color Agatha cognac, inlays fine grain olive Ash natural brown sterling silver, Tierra del Fuego body colour. Production is scheduled to begin at the factory quattro GmbH in Neckarsulm since March 2014.
Audi S8 includes four-cylinder mode with ANC, two elliptical dual tailpipes, dynamic steering, sport differential, adaptive air suspension sport with S-specific setup, 20-inch wheels, S8 emblems on front brake calipers, optional Audi design selection black / brown twill carbon Vermont with copper inlay.
Audi A8 hybrid includes a custom Audi Luggage set for the trunk.
The vehicle was unveiled at the Frankfurt motor show 2013, at the Detroit auto show 2014, auto show in Toronto 2014.
German models arrived at German Audi dealerships in November 2013. Early A8 models include 3.0 TFSI 310PS Quattro, 4.0 TFSI Quattro 435PS, 3.0 TDI 258PS Quattro clean diesel, clean diesel 4.2 TDI 385PS Quattro, A8 Quattro l W12 500 HP, the A8 Hybrid 2.0 TFSI 211 / 245PS for S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro 520PS.
The us model went on sale as 2015 model year vehicles. Early models include A8 l 3.0 TFSI 310PS Quattro, the A8 l 4.0 TFSI Quattro 435PS, the A8 l 3.0 TDI 258PS Quattro clean diesel, the A8 l W12 500 HP and Quattro for the S8 4.0 TFSI Quattro 520PS.
The engines are the same in Canada, the United States, but the ratings of PS is higher due to less required devices for control of emissions.
3.18. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Security A8 L 2014–. (Безопасности А8 Л 2014–)
Available with V8 4.0 TFSI or W12 fsi engines, the A8 l security is an armoured version of A8 L with VR9 ballistic protection standard in accordance with the BRV 2009 guideline, with VR 10 in certain places, and explosive resistance tests in accordance with the ERV 2010 blast-resistant guide means. The occupant cell is made of heat-formed armor steel, aramide fabric, ceramics, special aluminum alloy and Multi-laminated glass with protective materials overlap at transitions. Aluminum side sills to include profiles of ballistic proof. The armor-plated vehicle floor made from a special aluminum alloy for explosive weapons resistance. Doors, Windows, windshield and rear window incorporate special glass with a splinter-inhibiting polycarbonate layer on the inside, with the function of the limiter and optional Electromechanical side Windows. Other additional security equipment include emergency exit system with pyrotechnic fracture bolts in the hinges, remove the door from the body, fire extinguisher system with two tanks and nozzles spray to wheel arches, on underbody and tank, and into the engine compartment, emergency fresh air system with two pressurized cartridges housed in the protected zone of security start with remote radio signal engine start, selective unlocking of doors, a smoke extractor for the interior, an led signal system for convoy driving, pennant holder, flashing lights, a siren, a preparation for the installation of analogue and digital radio networks for security authorities and organizations, built-in telephone, the Registrar of the accident, an additional rearview camera, a heated windshield including partly heated side Windows. Other features include an led engine V8 4.0 TFSI or matrix Led W12 fsi with lights, quattro permanent all-wheel drive, armored doors, ceramic, aluminum frame communications box in the trunk an extra battery, an extra battery and fuel tank, security, intercom with a loudspeaker in the Singleframe grille and microphones for the interior and cars for leisure, two electrically adjustable individual seats in the rear compartment, front comfort seats with optional massage and ventilation additional front passenger Seating position with electric-control footrest, ventilation and massage function, optional continuous center console with large storage compartments is also available, rear entertainment system with two 10.2-inch displays, optional folding table, a cool box and auxiliary heating, new Unicum leather interior trim, forged 19-inch wheels, 255 / 70 tires with high load index 117, polymer rings on the rims, direct measurement tire pressure monitoring system, additional spare wheel, 4-zone automatic climate control with an ionizer, electric rear blinds, Bose surround sound system, TV tuner, Parking system plus with Kam
Deliveries began in the third quarter of 2014.
3.19. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. C8 plus 2015–. (С8 плюс 2015–)
Based on the short wheelbase C8, C8-Plus includes increased engine power to 605 HP 445 kW, 597 HP and 700 N ∙ m 516.3 lb⋅ft of torque, with boost up to 750 N ∙ m 553.2 lb⋅ft of torque, as well as unique 21-inch wheels with 275 / 35R21 tires in Germany
The car was presented in 2015 at the motor show in Los Angeles.
The German model went on sale in late November 2015 at a base price 145.200€.
The US model went on sale in December 2015 as a 2016 model year car for $114.900 dollars.
3.20. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Transfer. (Перевод)
All models feature eight-speed gearbox Tiptronic.
3.21. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Production. (Производство)
On A8s aluminum chassis was built at the Neckarsulm plant.
3.22. The third generation D4 type 4h, 2011-2017. Marketing. (Маркетинг)
As an April fools joke on April 1, 2015, Audi Japan has announced a special edition A8 5.5 with a rice cooker in the rear centre console. 5.5 designation comes from the Japanese words "go" and five "Han" half when combined, they become "Gohan" 悟飯, which is the Japanese word for "rice".
Audi S8 was used in the conveyor to refuel.
Audi S8 was used in the Avengers: age of Ultron.
Audi A8 was used in spider-Man: the Return.
4. The fourth generation A5, 2018–present. (Четвертое поколение А5, 2018–по настоящее время)
All models feature eight-speed gearbox Tiptronic.
The A8 and A8 l are produced at the Neckarsulm plant.
4.1. The fourth generation A5, 2018–present. A8 L 2017–. (А8 Л 2017–)
The design of the A8 and A8 L was based on the concept of prologue by Audi. Changes include buttons replaced by a touch screen and a private Parking.
One of the new features outside of the United States pilot tubes, consisting of a 3-level Autonomous driving at speeds up to 60 km / h 37 km / h when on a divided highway. Audi was planning also includes the experimental tubes in cars delivered in the USA, starting in 2019, but prevented the implementation of these plans for Autonomous driving with a complex of legal, infrastructure and consumer environment in the U.S.
The car was presented at the summit Audi in Barcelona on July 11, 2017, after 2017 the Frankfurt motor show.
The petrol engine will be 3.0 l TFSI V6 with 340 HP 250 kW, 340 HP On the 4.0 l TFSI V8 with 460 HP, 338 kW 454 HP and 6.0 liter TFSI W12 engine from the Bentley Bentayga, detuned to 585 HP 430 kW, 577 HP will be available only to dealer orders in Europe are not available directly from Audi web sites. Diesel engines will be the 3.0 l TDI V6 with 286 HP 210 kW, 282 HP, and removed from the Audi SQ7 and Bentley Bentayga Diesel, 4.0 l TDI V8 with 435 HP 320 kW, 429 HP. As with previous generations, all vehicles will be equipped with all-wheel drive and 8-speed automatic Tiptronic.
It went on sale in November 2017, and pre-orders began on 5 October 2017. Early versions included 55 engine 3.0 TFSI Quattro, 50 TDI 3.0 TDI Quattro.
The new A8 went on sale in September 2017. The estimated base price in the UK is £70.000.
Audi A8 l arrives in the U.S. on October 5, 2018, with deliveries began in November.
A8 l 60 fuel type e Quattro was revealed at the October 16, 2019. It combines a 340 HP 250 kW, 340 HP 3.0 l TFSI V6 with 136 HP 100 kW, 134 HP electric motor. Combined system power is 449 330 kV substation, 443 HP and 700 N * m 516.3 lb⋅ft of torque. The car gets a 14.1 kWh battery that provides a pure electric range of 46 km 28.6 Mi.
4.2. The fourth generation A5, 2018–present. Transfer. (Перевод)
All models feature eight-speed gearbox Tiptronic.
4.3. The fourth generation A5, 2018–present. Production. (Производство)
The A8 and A8 l are produced at the Neckarsulm plant.
- 0 L W12 in the Audi A 8 L W12 is smaller in overall dimensions than the 4.2 L V 8 that powers the Audi A8 4.2 variants. The 2011 Audi A8 debuted a revised
- The Audi V 8 was replaced by the Audi A8 in 1994, although the A8 was not sold in North America until 1996. The competition model of the Audi V 8 won back - to - back
- The Audi R 8 is a mid - engine, 2 - seater sports car, which uses Audi s trademark quattro permanent all - wheel drive system. It was introduced by the German
- generates a maximum 242 bhp. Audi A8 hybrid 2012 2.0 TFSI petrol engine and 53 bhp electric motor, generates a total 262 bhp Audi Q 8 Engine 3.0 V6 TFSI 333
- Spyder Concept 1991 Audi ASF 1993 TTS Roadster Concept 1995 Audi Al2 Concept 1997 Audi A8 Coupe 1997 Audi R 8 R LMP Prototype 1998
- The Audi R 8 is a Le Mans Prototype sports - prototype race car introduced in 2000 for sports car racing as a redevelopment of their Audi R 8 R open top LMP
- powertrain was still in development Audi - made W12 engines were not available to buyers until 2001, on the 2001 Audi A8 6.0 W12 quattro. The Avus also features
- As a result, the 2017 Audi A3 sedan featured the Matrix LED headlamps that were earlier seen in the A8 flagship sedan and the R 8 supercar. The front grille
- systems from the A8 but it adds head - up display and active lane assist. Full LED headlamps with Automatic high beam switching or Audi adaptive light Xenon
- twin - turbo V 8 A 48 - volt mild hybrid system will allow for stop - start use and coasting. Audi Sport GmbH Audi S and RS models Audi A8 Audi S4 Audi RS4 Audi RS6
- next generation Audi A8 unveiled in 2017. Coupe Coupe Allroad Allroad Mercedes - Benz s Coupe BMW 8 series Coupe Cadillac Elmiraj Audi showcases MIB - 2
- Audi Sport Quattro Audi 100 Coupe S Audi Ur - S4 Ur - S6 Audi S1 Audi S2 Audi RS2 Audi S3 Audi S4 Audi RS4 Audi S6 Audi RS6 Audi S7 Audi RS7 Audi S 8 Audi
- The Audi R 8 Type 42 is the first generation of the R 8 sports car developed and manufactured by German automobile manufacturer Audi Conceived in 2003
- Audi S4 Audi A4 allroad quattro Audi A5 Audi S5 Audi RS5 Audi A6 Audi S6 Audi RS 6 Audi A6 allroad quattro Audi A7 Audi RS7 Audi S7 Audi A8 Audi S 8 Audi
- Sportback Audi Q5 Audi SQ5 Audi A4 Audi A4 Avant Audi RS4 Avant Audi A8 Audi S 8 Audi A7 Audi S7 Audi RS7 Audi A6 Audi A6 Avant Audi S6 Audi S6 Avant Audi RS6
- The Audi A4 is a line of compact executive cars produced since 1994 by the German car manufacturer Audi a subsidiary of the Volkswagen Group. The A4
- The Audi e - tron is a series of electric and hybrid concept cars shown by Audi from 2009 onwards. In 2012 Audi unveiled a plug - in hybrid version, the A3
- nomenclature as the full - size A8 had just been introduced The exterior was changed only slightly from the C4 Audi 100 new front and rear lights
- The Audi Quattro is a road and rally car, produced by the German automobile manufacturer Audi part of the Volkswagen Group. It was first shown at the
- The Audi 80 was a compact executive car produced by the Audi subdivision of the Volkswagen Group across four generations from 1966 to 1996. It shared its
- high - performance derivative of the Audi A4 replacement for the Audi 80 The Audi V 8 had been replaced by the A8 in 1994. The C4 - based A6 continued until
- the next generation A6 and A8 The A5 is the third coupe in Audi s line up, following the second generation TT and the R 8 The A5 adopted design elements
- Audi automobiles, such as the Audi RS3, Audi RS4, Audi RS5, Audi RS6, Audi RS7, Audi RS Q3, Audi TTRS and the Audi R 8 They also design and specify roadwheels
- The Audi S6 is the high performance variant of the Audi A6, an executive car produced by German automaker Audi It went on sale in 1994, shortly after
- The Audi TT is a 2 - door sports car marketed by Volkswagen Group subsidiary Audi since 1998, and now in its third generation. The first two generations
- The Audi S4 is the high performance variant of Audi s compact executive car A4. The original Audi S4, built from 1991 until 1994, was a performance - oriented
- The Audi A1 internally designated Typ 8 X is a supermini sized launched by Audi at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show. Sales of the initial three door A1 model
- well as the air - suspension technology also taken from the Touareg and Audi s A8 The suspension settings can be set to the driver s preference through
- The Audi Coupe was a liftback coupe version of the Audi 80, first shown in 1980. The bodywork was shared with the Audi Quattro. The second generation Coupe
- The Audi RC 8 2.0 TFSI is a mass - produced four - stroke 2.0 - litre single - turbocharged inline - 4 gasoline racing engine, developed and produced by Audi Sport
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