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Tenase

In coagulation, the procoagulant protein factor X can be activated into factor XA two ways, externally or internally. Activating complexes called Tanase. Tanase is an abbreviation for "ten" and the suffix "-ASE", which means that the complex acti ...

Fibrinolysis

Fibrinolysis is the process that prevents blood clots is growing and becoming problematic. This process has two types: primary fibrinolysis and secondary fibrinolysis. The primary type is a normal body process, whereas secondary fibrinolysis is t ...

Hyperfibrinolysis

The system of fibrinolysis is responsible for removing blood clots. Of hyperfibrinolysis describes a situation with markedly enhanced fibrinolytic activity, resulting in increased, sometimes catastrophic bleeding. Of hyperfibrinolysis can be caus ...

Hematophagy

Hematophagy is the practice of certain animals of feeding on blood. Since blood tissue fluid rich in nutritious proteins and lipids that can be taken without much effort, hematophagy is the preferred form of nutrition for many small animals such ...

Calyptra (moth)

The genus Calyptra group of moths in subfamily Calpinae of the family Erebidae. They are a member of the Calpini tribe, whose precise definition is uncertain, but which includes a number of other fruit-piercing or eye-frequenting currently the bi ...

Leptoconops fortipalpus

Fortipalpus leptoconops still is one of the species of biting midges belonging to the family ceratopogonidae. This happens in the valley of the river Damodar, Jarkhand state, India.

Oxpecker

In oxpeckers are two species of birds that make up the family Buphagidae. In early oxpeckers are generally treated as a subfamily, Buphaginae in the Starling family, Sturnidae, but molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that they form a separa ...

Tick

Mites are arachnids, usually 3 to 5 mm, part of the superorder tomatoes. Along with mites, they constitute the subclass Acari. Ticks are external parasites that live on blood of mammals, birds, and sometimes reptiles and amphibians. Tiki has evol ...

Sternum

The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone located in the Central part of the chest. It connects to the ribs via cartilage and forms the anterior part of the thorax that helps to protect the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels from injury. F ...

Pelvis

The pelvis or lower torso of the human body between the abdomen and thighs, or the skeleton embedded in it. The pelvic region of the trunk includes the bones of the pelvis, the pelvic cavity the space enclosed pelvis, pelvic floor, below the pelv ...

Risser sign

The Risser sign is an indirect measure of skeletal maturity, in accordance with which the degree of ossification of the iliac apophysis x-ray evaluation is used to assess the overall skeletal development. Mineralization of the iliac epifizov star ...

Phalanx bone

The only phalanges: phalanges digital bones in the hands and feet of most vertebrates. In primates, the thumb and big toes have two phalanges and the remaining digits have three phalanges. Phalanges are considered long bones.

Carpal bones

Carpal bones eight small bones make up the wrist that connects the hand to the forearm. The term "Carpus" is derived from Latin and Greek καρπός the wrist which means "wrist". In human anatomy, the main role of the wrist in order to facilitate ef ...

Deep fascia

Deep fascia is a fascia, a layer of dense connective tissue that surrounds individual muscles and groups of muscles in separate fascial compartments. This fibrous connective tissue surrounds and permeates muscles, bones, nerves, and blood vessels ...

Fascia of perineum

Fascia of perineum-it is the fascia that covers muscles of superficial pouch of the perineum. Muscles are surrounded by deep fascia of the perineum are bulbous, ischiocavernosus and superficial transverse perineal. The fascia attaches laterally t ...

Iliopectineal arch

In the Iliopectineal arch is a thickened band of fused iliac fascia and psoas fascia passing from the posterior surface of the inguinal ligament and anteriorly across the front of the femoral nerve to attach to the iliopubic Eminence of the femur ...

Presacral fascia

Pridnestrovie fascia lines the front of the sacrum, enclosing the sacral vessels and nerves. It continues anteriorly in the parietal pelvic fascia that covers the pelvic cavity. Pridnestrovie fascia companies back-down, as it merges with the meso ...

Fetal rhabdomyoma

Rhabdomyoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor of skeletal muscle, are divided into two main categories on the website: cardiac and noncardiac. They are further separated by histology: embryonic, juvenile and adult types. Types of genitals is recogniz ...

Common flexor tendon

Common flexor tendon is a tendon that attaches to the medial epicondyle of the humerus. It serves as the upper mounting point for the superficial muscles front of forearm: Radialis flexor Carpi. (Radialis сгибателей Карпи) Ulnar flexor of the wri ...

Retinaculum

And retinaculum thickened band of deep fascia around the tendons that holds them in place. It is not part of any muscles. Its function is mainly to stabilize the tendon. The term retinaculum is new Latin, derived from the Latin verb retinere. Spe ...

Azurin

Azurin is a small periplasmic bacterial blue copper protein found in Pseudomonas, Bordetella, or Alcaligenes bacteria. Moderates azurin single electron transfer between the enzymes associated with the cytochrome chain through oxidation-reduction ...

Rusticyanin

Rusticyanin is a copper protein With a type I Copper centre, which plays an important role in the transfer of electrons. It can be extracted from the periplasm of gram-negative bacteria Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, a ...

Hemeprotein

In hemeprotein, or heme protein, is a protein which is contained in the prosthetic group heme. They are a very large class of metalloproteins. The heme group provides the functionality, which may include oxygen transport, reduction of oxygen, ele ...

Cytochrome c peroxidase

Cytochrome C peroxidase, or CCP is a water-soluble heme-containing enzyme of the peroxidase family that takes the reductive equivalents from cytochrome C and reduces hydrogen peroxide to water: CCP + H 2 O 2 + 2 ferrocytochrome c + 2H + → CCP + 2 ...

Guanylate cyclase

Guanylate cyclase is a Lyase enzyme, which converts guanosine triphosphate into cyclic guanosine monophosphate and pyrophosphate. This is often part of a group of signaling proteins of the cascade, which is triggered by low intracellular calcium ...

Nitrophorin

Nitrophorins are hemoproteins found in saliva of blood-feeding insects. The saliva of blood-sucking Rhodnius prolixus error contains at least seven homologous nitrophorins, designated NP1 to NP7 in the order of their relative prevalence in the gl ...

Peroxidase

Peroxidase and reductase peroxide represent a large group of enzymes that play an important role in various biological processes. They are named in honor of the fact that they often decompose peroxides.

Hydrogenase

In hydrogenase, the enzyme that catalyzes the reversible oxidation of molecular hydrogen, as shown below: The absorption of hydrogen is 1, in combination with the reduction of electron acceptors such as oxygen, nitrate, sulfate, carbon dioxide co ...

RNF113A

Ring finger 113А protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by a gene RNF113A. It is located on the human X chromosome. RNF113A contains two highly conserved domains, a ring finger domain and the domain "zinc fingers". Ring finger domains hav ...

Selenoprotein

In molecular biology in selenoprotein is any protein that contains a selenocysteine amino acid residue. Among functionally characterized selenoproteins are five glutathione peroxidases and three thioredoxin reductase that contain only one section ...

Peptide-methionine (R)-S-oxide reductase

In Enzymology, a peptide-methionine -s-oxide reductase, the enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction peptide-L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide + H 2 O ⇌ {\displaystyle \rightleftharpoons } peptide-L-methionine R-S-oxide + thioredoxin 3 subs ...

Thermolysin

Thermolysin is a thermostable neutral metalloproteinase enzyme produced by the gram-positive bacteria Bacillus thermoproteolyticus. It requires one zinc ion for enzyme activity and four calcium ions for structural stability. Thermolysin specifica ...

Zinc finger chimera

Zinc finger protein Chimera are chimeric proteins consisting of the DNA-binding domain protein, zinc finger and another domain through which the protein exerts its effect. The effector domain may be a transcriptional activator or repressor, methy ...

Epitope

Epitope also known as antigenic determinant, part antigen which is recognized by the immune system, particularly antibodies, b-lymphocytes, or T cells. For example, the epitope is the specific fragment of the antigen to which the antibodies. Part ...

Azotemia

Azotemia is a medical condition characterized abnormally high levels nitrogen-containing compounds in the blood. This is largely due to insufficient or dysfunctional blood filtration by the kidneys. This can lead to uremia and acute kidney injury ...

Elevated alkaline phosphatase

Elevated alkaline phosphatase happens when the level of alkaline phosphatase exceed the reference range. This group of enzymes have a low substrate specificity and catalyses the hydrolysis of esters of phosphate in a basic environment. The main f ...

Elevated alpha-fetoprotein

Elevated alpha-fetoprotein refers to a state where alpha-fetoprotein levels are outside the reference range. There are two categories of AFP tests: tests performed on serum, blood plasma, as well as analyses of amniotic fluid. Serum samples have ...

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